Cannibinol -->d-6-THC -->d-6-THC Acetatete synth Bookmark
Here is a process developed for producing THC acetate and Hash oil using simple methods.
1.) The cannabis was selected and had to have no crushed seeds in which the oil from the seeds would leak into the cannabis.
2.) The cannabis was dried in an oven at 115 deg. C till dry and crunchy.
3.) At this point using your hands proceed to crush the pot into a powder being careful not to crush seeds in which the seed oil could enter the extract.
4.) Put the crushed cannabis into a spaghetti strainer. This will remove most seeds.
5.) Remove the last amount of seeds by using a cake pan and shift the cannabis from side to side on an angle. The cannabis should be at the top of the pan. The seeds should roll down the pan into the bottom.
6.) At this point it will be in your best interest to have all the seeds out that you can.
7.) Now you can extract the cannibinol and THC into acetone. When the cannabis is in the acetone small seeds will float to the top. At this point it will be in your best interest to remove them. That is easy as they are floating to the top while the cannabis is at the bottom. Do enough extractions till you feel that all the cannibinol is removed from the plant matter.
8.) Once you have this you can evaporate the acetone from the plant matter but not with out boiling stones. If you have a roto evaporator even better yet. Do not allow the heat of the mixture to rise above 200 deg. C which is the boiling point of THC/Cannibinol
9.) Once you have the pure extract you can dissolve it into toluene and prepare it for the next step.
10.) Here is where you will need a reflux apparatus and boiling stones. Add the toluene/extract solution into the reflux condensor and at that point also add about 7 grams of toluene sulphonic acid which can be made simply from toluene and fuming sulphuric acid in the reflux condenser. This 7 grams of organic acid per 14 grams of cannabis extract. This will form delta-6 THC which is supposedly more of a psychedelic program than delta-9.
11.) Reflux the above for about 4 hours at around 150 deg. C with most importantly boiling stones(quartz rocks from the yard).
12.) Basify mix with Na2HCO3 and do a wash with two volumes water in a sep funnel.
13.) Now boil off (roto vap)the toluene and you will have your product, It should be a reddish brown oil that smells a lot like opium if you have ever smelt it.
You now have delta-6 THC theoretically. It smells a lot different than the beginning product and the chlorophylls should have been extracted with the water extraction. Mind you though that cannabis contains muscimol, hordenine and piperidine. What refluxing the cannabis extract does with these compounds is beyond me at the moment.
Now for the THC Acetate formation.(Also known as Fisher Esterification)
1.) Now take the above THC and add glacial acetic acid to it in which it should dissolve the THC like acetone would.
2.) Add this back to your reflux condensor with say 10mL of H2SO4 per 200mL of glacial acetic acid. The glacial acetic acid will be your solvent for this reflux so add enough for the amount of THC you have which accordingly would be 14 grams. Remember boiling stones with this specifically as acetic acid has a higher rate of cohesion/adhesion than toluene and your whole product could bump and end up on the ceiling or you.
3.) Reflux this for say 2 hours at 120 deg. C.
4.) Now basify as above only this time add toluene on top of the acid and water. The water is so the Na2HCO3 has something to dissolve in and improves the coversion of the acetic acid to Sodium acetate. The basification takes along time and you do not want to use NaOH as this will break your ester apart. As you basify this mix it will produce a lot of bubbles and these bubbles will rise to the top of your vessle and overflow your product all over the table or you. What will stop this from happening will be the toluene on top of the acidic solution as the foam stops when it meets the toluene. It will not take long and all the ester will be in the toluene before the acid is completely basified. Leave the toluene in the mix until the basification is done unless you are tricky(the basification is done when it stops fizzing). Three toluene extractions were done anyway just to keep some on top of the basification vessle so the water solution would not overflow. The ester is water soluble in pure water but if it is a salt solution(as this is) it is not and has a high affinity for the toluene layer.
5.) Once you are confident with the amount extracted you can boil off(roto vap) the toluene to acquire the ester. This ester forms a hygroscopic solid which is how it was found that it is soluble in water. Under low heat it would be best to leave the ester in a beaker/bowl of slightly boiling water for a time as to remove the residual toluene also.
Making the Hash Oil.
1.) This ester once formed was then dissolved in about a equal volume of hot water to form a thick oily compound in which one would assume would be the Hash oil one hears about from time to time.
2.) To make hash from this it was assumed one would take and powderize the scraps from the first cannabis extraction and add the appropriate amount of THC acetate to it.
For the reflux a electric griddle was used and salt was layered on it to produce a firm foundation for the reflux apparatus. If this would not have been done a large amount of heat would not have been transfered to the reflux vessle.